The Opium Wars

“…the cause of the war is the kowtow…” (John Adams) “The war is a national sin of the greatest possible magnitude…” (Arnold of Rugby) “an unjust war of aggression waged by Britain against China from 1840 to 1842” (Chinese ‘Wikipedia’) Contents: Status Quo in each country * Chinese Isolation * Obstacles to external trade * … Continue reading The Opium Wars